A standard poker hand consists of four cards with the same rank and suit. When two identical hands are formed, they tie and split the winnings equally. The suits of the cards are irrelevant in poker, and wild cards can be used to make better hands. Five of a kind, is the highest possible hand in poker and beats a straight flush. Highest unmatched cards and secondary pairs are used to break ties between identical poker hands.
The betting intervals vary in each variation of the game. The first bet is made by one player, who has the privilege and obligation to bet first. Then each player must place a number of chips into the pot equal to the amount of chips put in by the player before him. This player is considered to be an “active player” when he or she places their chips into the pot. The remaining players may raise their bets.
In a typical game of poker, each player has the opportunity to bet during each betting interval. The goal is to minimize losses if the player has a weak hand, and maximize winnings when they have a good one. In some games, the rules of poker may require players to place an ante into the pot in order to increase the stakes. However, in the majority of poker games, this is not necessary. This is because players who raise after the ante have not yet earned the winnings.